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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition of unknown cause. It is associated with problems such as irregular (usually less frequent) menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth, acne, obesity, infertility and the possible development of diabetes, osteoporosis and endometrial cancer.
PID can cause severe illness in a woman, requiring treatment in hospital. However, sometimes PID can occur without causing any signs or symptoms. That is, the woman may not feel sick and may not notice any change in her body. PID is a very serious disease because it can lead to long term problems.
Although it’s associated with hormonal, physical and psychosocial changes in your life, menopause is a natural biological process, not a medical problem. Menopause is usually a natural process. But certain surgical or medical treatments can bring on menopause earlier than expected.
If your doctor, nurse or health worker has told you that your abnormal Pap smear result may be due to an infection with HPV, you be may wondering what it is, how you got it and what it means for your health. HPV is a very common virus, with four out of five people having it at some stage of their lives.
Fibroids also called as myomas or leiomyomas, Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours of the uterus that appear during your childbearing years. Fibroids can appear on the inside or outside lining of your uterus, or within its muscular wall. They usually develop from a single smooth muscle cell that continues to grow.
The uterus is made up of three special layered linings of tissue and muscle. The innermost layer is called the endometrium, the second layer- myometrium and the third layer- the serosa. Endometriosis is a condition where the innermost layer of uterus-endometrium, grows in locations outside the uterus.
In 1928, Dr Papanicolaou discovered that cells in the cervix change in appearance before they become cancerous. The Pap smear, named after the doctor, is used to check for these changes in the cervix (the neck of the womb) at the top of the vagina. It is a screening tool to find early warning signs that cancer might develop in the future. It is not for diagnosing cancer.
Mirena (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) is a hormone-releasing system placed in your uterus to prevent pregnancy for as long as you want for up to 5 years. Mirena also treats heavy periods. Mirena is the only hormone-releasing IUD available in Australia.
Colposcopy is a special lighted magnifying device that looks like a pair of binoculars used to look at the vulva, vagina, and cervix to see problems that would be missed by the naked eye. Vinegar (acetic acid) and sometimes iodine (Lugol’s solution) is applied on the vagina and cervix with a cotton swab or cotton ball to see problem areas more clearly.
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